Bauhaus Meisterhäuser

Parallel to the Bauhaus Building, the city of Dessau commissioned Walter Gropius to construct three pairs of identical semi-detached houses for the Bauhaus masters and a detached house for the director. Gropius planned to build the complex based on a modular principle, using industrially prefabricated components. With this he wished to realise the principles of rational construction, both in the architecture and in the process of building per se. The exterior shape of the buildings, the organization of their rooms according to usage units and incidence of light, as well as their interior design with built-in cupboards and shelves correspond to the principles of functional construction and represent a further development of Gropius’ idea of a “large-scale construction kit”.+

The houses were built in 1925/26.

The victory of the National Socialists in the municipal elections in Dessau in 1932 led to the closure of the Bauhaus. As a result, the artists left their apartments in the Meisterhaussiedlung. Shortly before the end of the Second World War, the houses of Walter Gropius and Lázló Moholy-Nagy were completely destroyed by a bomb.

52 frames: architecture

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